Volume 4, Issue 1 (2019) Download


Privacy and surveillance scholars increasingly worry that data collectors can use the information they gather about our behaviors, preferences, interests, incomes, and so on to manipulate us. Consider: investigative journalists recently discovered that Facebook allows advertisers to target vulnerable teenagers at moments when they feel “worthless” and “insecure.” “Sharing economy” firms like the ride-hailing company […]

High-speed Internet access, otherwise known as broadband, is considered essential for partaking in the 21st-century economy; the Internet today is considered as important as road and energy infrastructure in terms of its potential to enhance socioeconomic development. Broadband, a subset of telecommunications infrastructure that includes wire-based and wireless communications networks, is currently a priority in […]

Are you male or female? When were you born? How tall are you? How much do you weigh? You may have encountered these questions when signing up with a fitness mobile application (app) like MyFitnessPal. After you quickly provide this personal information, and consent to the app’s privacy terms and cross-border data transfer policy, the […]


Americans increasingly get their news through the Internet, and specifically, through social media platforms. In fact, Americans get more of their news from social media than from print newspapers. As the rate of this news consumption increases, two attributes of social media platforms become more readily apparent. First, these platforms play a filtering role, stemming […]

Between 2015 and 2016, a new surge of violence broke out against Israeli civilians and soldiers, typified by lone actors using knives to attack at sudden and opportunistic times. Most often, assailants were Palestinian men without ties to any formal organization or a history of engaging in violence. During this period, attackers killed thirty-four Israelis […]

On April 23, 2013, the Associated Press Twitter account tweeted “Breaking: Two Explosions in the White House and Barack Obama is injured.” While the claim was false and the result of a hack, its effects were very real: in three minutes the Dow Jones Industrial Average plummeted $136 billion in market value. The market recovered […]

In 1742, the Lord Chancellor of England noted that: [Directors] are most properly agents to those who employ them in this trust, and who empower them to direct and superintend the affairs of the corporation. In this respect they may be guilty of acts of commission or omission, of malfeasance or nonfeasance. Now where acts […]

Artificial intelligence is one of the most important innovations to impact national security in recent years. Among the national security concerns of the United States is that foreign countries seek to erode America’s leadership in artificial intelligence development by buying or merging with U.S. companies. In response to this perceived threat, Congress passed legislation in […]

Technology Explainers

Search Engine Optimization (SEO) is a technique to improve the ranking of a website on the results page of a search engine for the purpose of increasing the traffic to that site. This technique has become crucial in the modern Internet era, where standing out amongst the over 1.7 billion websites can be a challenge. […]

Spam, unsolicited commercial content spread at a mass scale, is everywhere on the Internet, in our email and on the sites we visit. At a minimum, spam is a nuisance, just another email or post online to delete or ignore. At its worst, falling victim to a spam attack risks infecting a system with malware […]

To say that data breaches are ubiquitous within the modern digital society may be an understatement. Over the past fifteen years, more than ten billion records have been breached from over 9,000 data breaches in the United States, impacting a majority of Americans. Continue Reading

Wireless communication technology is about to enter a new era: 5G networks. “5G” stands for “fifth generation,” the next step up from the currently mainstream 4G networks. From 2014 levels, mobile traffic is expected to increase by 1000 times by 2024. Continue Reading